Normally, the inner structure of a tooth is protected by the hard enamel exterior that keeps out any harmful bacteria. But a deep cavity or oral injury can allow bacteria to access the inside of the tooth and cause serious damage. When this occurs, root canal treatment can be used to remove the unwanted bacteria and restore the health of the tooth.
Inside a tooth, beneath the hard enamel is a soft tissue called pulp. This pulp contains blood vessels, nerves and connective tissue. When this area becomes infected, Root Canal Treatment allows us to remove the bacteria and damaged tissues in order to save the tooth.
There are several signs and symptoms that can indicate that root canal treatment is needed including:
Certain preparations must be made before root canal treatment can be provided. The first step is to take X-rays of the tooth and the area that surrounds it. The tooth is then prepared by having a rubber sheet placed around it. This is called a dental dam, and it is designed to keep the tooth dry and prevent the infection from spreading during the procedure.
After the preparations have been made, we begin the treatment by using special equipment to access the inner structure of the tooth. We will then carefully clean out any unwanted material. With the structure completely clean, an antimicrobial liquid will be applied to flush out the root canals down to the jawbone. Next, medicated fillings will be applied to the hollowed-out structure so that the tooth regains its overall strength. The process is finished by applying a dental crown as a “cap” to the tooth in order to prevent any fractures or breakages.